TIMELINE

1815
1815

War with Great Britain ended by the Treaty of Ghent. Payne Todd returns from Europe, having run up a debt in excess of $6,500.
1817
1817

JM leaves office and the Madisons return to Montpelier.
1826
1826

Thomas Jefferson dies. JM becomes Rector of the University of Virginia.
1829
1829

JM and DPM go to Richmond for three months while JM sits as member of the convention to revise the Virginia state constitution. Payne Todd is threatened with prison for his (ever-accumulating) debts. JM pays his step-son's debts. JM's mother, Nellie Conway Madison, dies.
1830
1830

Payne Todd again imprisoned; JM again pays his debts.
1832
1832

Anna Payne Cutts dies.
1836
1836

JM dies.
1836

DPM tries to get JM's paper's privately published. The U.S. Congress appropriates $30,000 for the purchase of JM's notes on the Constitutional Convention.
1837
1837

DPM moves back to Washington, D.C. with her companion - her niece Anna Payne, daughter of her younger brother John Coles Payne.
1839
1839

DPM moves back to Montpelier to run the plantation. She fails to make a profit.
1841
1841

DPM again returns to Washington, D.C.
1842
1842

DPM tries to publish more of JM's papers with Harpers. She consults John Jacob Astor about mortgaging her house in Washington, and does so in August. She sells part of the Montpelier plantation to Henry W. Moncure, a merchant from Richmond.
1844
1844

The United States House of Representatives honors DPM with a permanent seat in Congressional Hall. From the White House she dictates the first personal message sent by telegraphy. Growing every poorer, she offers the rest of JM's papers to Congress, which adjourns without taking action. That summer she sells the balance of Montpelier to Moncure. In December the Senate votes to purchase the remaining works of JM, but the House still fails to act.
1845
1845

DPM converts to Episcopalianism and joins St. John's Church in Washington.
1848
1848

Lucy Payne Washington Todd dies. Congress finally purchases the rest of JM's papers for $25,000. Of this sum, $20,000 is invested in a trust fund for her out of fear that Payne Todd will waste it on gambling and alcohol. DPM serves as Honorary Chair of a women's group to raise funds for the Washington Memorial.
1849
1849

DPM dies on July 12. Last rites are held on July 16. Her body is first placed in a vault in Washington and later buried next to JM at the family graveyard at Montpelier.
1852
1852

Payne Todd dies.